Baloch people have been crushed between the Sardars and the State

STOP SARDARS. PEOPLE MUST TAKE CONTROL OF BALOCH MOVEMENT.

http://www.thevision21.org/pdf/Balochistan_Problems_Solutions.pdf

Ejaz Ahmad in his article ‘The national question in Pakistan’ writes:
“Permanent chieftaincy was instituted and the chiefs began gradually to accumulate at
least a primitive kind of capital, not only through acquisition from outside the resources
of the tribe, but also in form of expropriation of labor as well as commodities from
members of the tribe itself.” This gave rise to the class conflict in Balochistan.
The system of sardarkheli (chieftain’s clans) was essentially a feudal system, where
sardar was the feuadal lord and the other members of the clan were relegated to a
secondary position. They then worked for sardars as well as collected revenues for
them.

Gradually the interests of the Balochi people ceased to be in alignment of the interests
of the Balochi Sardari system as it existed then. Ejaz Ahmad further says ‘The great
wealth, power and conspicuous consumption of the ruling elite found, at the bottom of
the society, its exact equivalent in unspeakable poverty and powerlessness of the great
mass of serfs, slaves and labouring peasants.’

In reality, Baloch people have been crushed between the state and the Sardars. The
grievances about social and economic backwardness have escalated due to the
entrenched sense of tribalism and deprivation. The Many different Sardars who rule
their respective tribes, have a very poor record of protecting the rights of the tribal
people themselves.

The problem started with Prince Karim’s invasion from Afghanistan. It was repressed by
the state. Since then foundations for mistrust were laid down. The neglect and
exploitation continued, with sardars playing their role of appeasing the establishment
and never taking any part in the development of Pakistan or Balochistan. For example
Bugti Sardars have been paid billions of Rupees. How much of that has been spent on
their own tribesmen?

Prof. Mukhtar Ali Naqvi writes that the demands of a “Fair Deal” have also been set
forth by these sardars and not by the elected members. They are unwilling to come into
the main stream society, have monopoly over the laws and regulations of the state,
while they themselves sit in provincial and national parliaments, yet they don’t work for
the development of their own people. Through brutal customs, and practices, they
target their own people. Their opposition to the development plans stems from the
apprehensions that employment opportunities and consequent change will liberate
people from their bondage.
Prof Naqvi further pointed out that “Since the situation in the province has been the
subject of discussion in the country, the news media has presented views of all shades
of opinion. Many interviewees belonging to the same tribe exposed the tribal leaders.
They gave first‐hand information about how people are oppressed and how despicable
methods are used to keep them in bondage. The details of captivity in private jails are
simply harrowing. The leaders are running a parallel government and consider

Close analysis tell us that the Baloch nationalist movement is not a unitary force that it
may appear. There is not much love lost between the leading tribes involved in the
insurgency. There is no single voice which can claim to speak for all. There is no
coherent second tier middle class leadership, despite increased support in the Baloch
areas. In fact the middle classes may still be on the side of moderate federally inclined
Baloch politicians. For some Baloch nationalism only means tribal identity such as Marri
or Bugti, at best. Some Baloch nationalists demand complete independence. Most, still
believe that 1973 Constitution is the most workable basis for a ‘reconstructed and
strengthened’ federalism, and all they want is greater autonomy.
Therefore while it is true that anti‐state violence has been the chosen tactic of some, for
the great majority, federal framework stays the chosen method to address grievances.
And it is this that Pakistan government must capitalize on to.
The danger as we mentioned earlier are two‐fold. The educated middle class in Baloch
towns has started rallying behind nationalists and even Sardars. These sardars will never
deliver but like all other Pakistanis, they are being fooled into utopian idealism. Second
various vested local, national and international interests are trying to take advantage of
this situation.

The common Balochi people are biggest stakeholder in this problem. So they may raise
themselves to the situation and question those who demand separation, about their
rights of safety and survival. The Balochi people may ask:, how will the sardars and
nationalists ensure an independent state without any bloodshed and any further
violence? How will they ensure the provision of welfare services to the common Balochi
people

The conduct of Balochi tribal
chiefs is that of oppressing and terrorizing the common people. With this situation will
the sardars be able to prolong the basis of mutual respect and help with people?

The common Balochi people are biggest stakeholder in this problem. So they may raise
themselves to the situation and question those who demand separation, about their
rights of safety and survival. The Balochi people may ask:, how will the sardars and
nationalists ensure an independent state without any bloodshed and any further
violence? How will they ensure the provision of welfare services to the common Balochi
people

Baloch Sardars continue to live abroad or in Karachi, in luxury. Those in power continue
their unrelenting pursuit of power and luxury with least attention being paid to the law
and order situation, peace and security, and mitigation of economic woes. Recently in
an interview with daily Dawn, Mr Hiarbayar Marri, who along with Mr Bramdagh Bugti
claims leadership of insurgents, when asked about his future plans about an independent Balochistan, completely fudged the issue. His response was that it was a
matter for Baloch people to decide whether they will want democracy or Sardari
system. One does not have to speculate much to understand what his own preference
would be. While living in United Kingdom, his comments can only reflect his un‐
repentant ego and brought up. But it does provide food for thought for people who hold
any hope from him and his compatriots

21
Balochistan: Problems and Solutions

Website: http://www.thevision21.org/ Blog: http://awaam.wordpress.com/

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One Response

  1. salam
    absolutely right mr balochsardar
    people must take control of baloch movement and sardars should be kicked out of this great muslim baloch nation… they are using liberal and secular ideology for their own benefit and for themselves . to keep power and control for themselves.
    they have their own agenda to make people fool and by using the freedom slogans only for the sake of their brutal and vicious sardari system ….

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